|The Mongolian Yurt|
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The supporting frame of a yurt is made of wood.
The crown is bound together with the two support columns and deposited in the center of the construction site. Any larger pieces of furniture may also be placed within the circle now, so they don't need to be squeezed through the small door once the yurt is finished.
The lattices of the wall segments are expanded and arranged in a circle. The door comes at the front looking south. It is important to place the segments in the right sequence. Usually they are nubered in counter clockwise direction, starting next to the door. The upper third of the wall poles are slightly bent inwards, which results in the typical silhouette of the yurt. At first, the wall segments are only connected losely. The binding strings are only tightened after the hight of the wall has been set correctly on all sides.
Two straps to stabilize the walls are now pulled around the circumference, and fixed at the sides of the door. The straps are thread through the inside where the lattices are connected, to keep them at the right height. The ends also go to the inside before they reach the door. Short pieces of rope are already fixed at the inside of the door frame, and the straps are knoted to their ends.
Now the support columns with the crown get erected in the center. This phase is easier to manage with more than two helpers, until the crown is stabilized by enough of the roof poles.
Now the roof poles are installed between walls and crown. They get placed in a sequence so that there is always an even distribution of poles around the circle, so that the crown gets equal support from all sides. The thin ends of the poles fit into the holes in the ring of the crown. The other ends rest on the forks of the wall lattices. In addition, there's a loop of string attached to the end of each pole, which latches over the inner end of the fork to secure the pole in place.
Over the door, the thick end of the roof poles finds rest in grooves in the frame. Those six or eight poles carry numbers matching the respective groove, because each one has a different length. The total number of roof poles is determined by the holes in the crown. The walls need to provide the same number of forks, including the grooves in the door frame. He who hasn't counted carefully enough may have to move some of the poles in the end.
If the roof poles slip out all the time, then the upper strap needs to be tightened a bit more. If the poles seem to be too long, then the strap must be loosened. In the end, the strap gets a little additional tension, to fix all the poles in their position. The door should stand upright.
As an additional safety measure, a thin rope is spanned from the crown in each cardinal direction. To the front it gets fixed in a ring on the top of the door frame, in the other directions it is bound around a crossing point of the lattice.